Developing 3rd world countries through an Environment-friendly manner
by Rainertaycho on September 8, 2017 - 7:59pm
I lived in Philippines for more than half of my life and the first thing i noticed as soon as i moved here to Canada was how much more cleaner the air and place is. Since developing countries such as Philippines are growing not only in population but also economically, more garbage being thrown and neglected by road sides and canals are inevitable. What could be avoided though, is neglecting road side garbage, improper water and canal management and the protection of the countries' endangered species.
Accoding to the article Environment-Friendly OMAN by France Bequette, the country of OMAN situated in the middle east, precisely at the Southern tip of the Arabian Peninsula and bordered north and west by the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia, is "spotless". According to Bequette, the country's determined effort to keep their roads clean is mainly due to their radio and TV messages, and hefty fines enforced by an army of sweepers who toil themselves day and night to patrol the roads and pick up any garbage which were inevitably left on the ground. Their garbage cans which can be found anywhere is also being emptied out regularly. Oman's climate does not see much rain, and only sees rain with an average of 100 mm annually. But there would be times when it pours so violently that their river banks over flow causing catastrophe to those who are near. Normally, 80% of the overflowing water goes back to the ocean and 5% lost to evaporation. Although sea water is being put to use through desalination, it is still not enough due to the increasing demand of water, just the agricultural aspect of the country consumes 100 million cubic metres of water per month. OMAN decided to put the rain water flowing back to the ocean to use by building dams to contain the water for future use. There are also field teams that patrol the country to check and record well characeristics along with water sample to make sure that they are not polluted or infested with sea water.
Another thing that Buquette mentioned is "King Solomon's Wells", which is an series of irrigations chanells mondernly known as "falaj". These irrigation chanels water from the mountains allows the water to pass down to the ocean. Inside the falaj, small black fish act as the garbage collectors, but since they cannot eat the larvae of mallaria carrying mosquitos, There are people hired to spary Temesfosum , a human and environment friendly insecticide, around areas where these mosquitos are most likely to reproduce.
The country has another implementation called the "White Oryx", a sort of sanctuary for endangered species sponsored by the World Wide Fund for Nature. Endangered Species from countries such as the United States have been imported here, such as long horned African antelopes, and have been carefully taken care of .
Finally is OMAN's royal decree of anti pollution program which takes care of coastal problems such as oil spills, sand mining, and damaging of coral reefs. Oman is planning on building a dumping center for oil tankers. Beaches are no longer used to dump material waste and sand is no longer extracted from their shores.
The implimentation of these practices among third world countries might take time and resources, but it could be a sacrifice worthy of our time and effort. it could potentially improve the world's overall habitability.
Article title: Environment-friendly OMAN
Author: France Buquette