Abortion: An Overview
by GenLeveille on September 9, 2013 - 11:53pm
ISSUE ANALYSIS – News summary & Analysis
Abortion: freedom or offense?
An abortion is a procedure used to end a pregnancy. Most Canadians agree with the present law concerning abortion whereas conservative and liberal politicians support some change or prohibition concerning elective abortion. An “elective abortion” is a procedure that is not medically necessary compared to a “therapeutic” abortion which is done medically because it is needed. Usually, elective abortions are done within the first semester of pregnancy, when the embryo is not developed into a foetus. Even if abortion is legalized in Canada since 20 years, there are some provinces like New Brunswick and Prince Edward Island who do not have medical clinic providing abortion services. This shows how abortion is still an ethical issue and how it separate the society in two groups: Pro-choice and Pro-Life.
And what if a woman get raped and become pregnant? And what if the contraceptive of a young girl had failed in its mission? These are the questions REAL Women of Canada and Birthright underlined in their campaign for the right to abortion in Canada. They argue that the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedom should be respected. Women should have the right of freedom, of happiness, and prosperity. For example, if a woman get raped and become pregnant, she has the right to abort because it was not her choice. A woman should have the entire control of her body and if she wants to abort, it is her decision and she should benefits from this action. The ethical principle of “always act in accordance to your own self-interest” is used in this concept. The group also puts emphasis on the right of personal choice. Another argument is that if a woman is in danger during her pregnancy, she should have the right to abort (therapeutic abortion). The ethical principle of beneficence greatly illustrates this argument. This side of the debate convey values of individual freedom, safety and justice.
We all have the right to live! Avoiding responsibilities of motherhood is an offense! Such are the statements of conservative politicians, Pro-life groups and the Catholic Church against abortion. They argue that abortion is a self-serving act of convenience which contravene to the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedom concerning the right to live. The ethical principal of the “sanctity of life” is strongly used in this side of the debate. The present government of Canada does not support any legislation to regulate abortion. The government argue that abortion should only be used (with good reasons) as a therapeutic procedure and not as a contraceptive method or as elective abortion. Pro-life groups are claiming the legal existence of the foetus and therefore, that abortion is a murder following the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedom. The ethical principle of “do no harm” is shown by this argument. This side of the debate conveys values of parental and collective responsibility, family and also catholic perspectives.
In my opinion, the stronger side of this debate is the Pro-Choice because the values conveyed in their arguments are significant to me. I agree that we shall have entire control of our body and that we should be able to do what we want. Freedom and justice are values important to me that should be respected. Furthermore, there is a controversial issue about foetus being a “human” only after a semester of pregnancy. This argument is weak because it is not black on white, and it is in that a grey zone, an area where it is relative from on individual to another. Indeed, I think that we should allow abortion for an important personal reason, but not as a contraceptive method. What will be the solution to this issue?
Klassen, Jeff., and Jacqui Clydesdale. “Abortion: An Overview”. Canadian Points
of View (2009), p.1-1. Canadian Points of View Reference Center. Web. 08