Early Modern Knowledge (Section 14, Fall 2017)

About this class

To quote L.P. Hartley: “The past is a foreign country: they do things differently there.”  Early modern Europe (1500-1800) does indeed seem like a foreign land, where kings and queens ruled over a population that would be considered both ignorant and subservient by modern standards. And yet, this was a universe that had its own rationale and a time when important developments in scientific, philosophical, political, and religious knowledge laid the foundation for the world in which we live today. Western society embraced the notion that the earth revolved around the sun, and ideas about a divinely ordained monarchy gave way to the defense of democratic forms; theologians tore apart the Christian church, and people began to think through the implications of empire and conquest as Europeans spread themselves around the globe.

How was knowledge constructed in this period, and how and why did older forms of knowing give way to new ways of understanding the universe? Moreover, how were the various intellectual developments of the day interrelated, and what does all of this tell us about the production of knowledge more generally? This course will investigate how knowledge was produced (and also reformed) in the early modern world and, in the process, develop students' capacity for critical thought and analysis. It is organized thematically rather than chronologically, and incorporates workshops and in-class activities alongside lecture material. A participation mark will be also assigned.

Marianopolis College
by AyBeeSeeOneTwoThree on October 31, 2017
Evaluating Change in Medicine: The Difficulty in Comparing Old Methodology with New

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by FreudianSlip on October 30, 2017
"The Trial of Witch-Craft, Shrewing the True and Methode of the Discouvery: With a Confutation of Erroneous Wayes" by John Cotta is a small 5 by 7-inch hardcover book written in English by John Cotta in the early 17th century. The book seems to be good quality, but on further investigation, it becomes apparent that it was rebound multiple times, and has a new cover. When you open the book, some pages are trimmed, showing how it was aligned every time the book was rebound the pages were aligned for the sake of making the book look better.

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by @freshprince on October 30, 2017
The 18th century, a time period viewed as the Enlightenment, was one evolution and advances in Europe. The medical field still had a strong non-scientific influence, but it can be considered as the start of the rise of scientific medicine (Rodgers, 2017). Many important books were printed and distributed, which was the start of the increasing importance of the human anatomy (Spray).

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by euphoricnightmares on October 26, 2017
Time is a measurement in which cripples the forms of allowing for the evolution towards what is true, basing present knowledge on previous beliefs and perceptions. The 16th-century novel, Sea Diseases or, A Treatise of their Nature, Caufs, and Cure. Also an Essay on Bleeding in Fevers; Shewing The Quantities of Blood to be Let in Any of Their Periods. The Third Edition, by William Cockburn being a 8” by 5” weighing approximately at half a pound was not in the best physical condition, given that when settled on the foam holder there was a residue of brown dust.

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by topaz on October 26, 2017
           The study of early modern medicine is only made possible through the examination of the written texts from the period. One of such books is titled The Order of the Hospitalls of [Henry VIII and Edward VI, 1557]. Different from most of the texts analyzed by the medical historians, which directly discuss many of the medical theories and knowledge from the early modern period, this text in fact focuses more on the legislation and administration of four hospitals in London.

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by abc123456 on October 26, 2017
The Osler library, located on the McGill campus, is a place where you can find hundreds of rare and expensive books about medicine written as long as 500 years ago. During my two trips there, I read pages from The Herball or Generall Historie of Plantes, a 1392-page medicine book written by John Gerarde and published in 1597, not very long after the invention of the printing press.

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by SmoothJuggler on October 26, 2017
The Order of the Hospitals is a rare book that was published in 1557 by the mayor and citizens of London. It is a relatively tiny book, roughly 12 centimeters by 7 centimeters and has an estimated weight of 80 grams. The majority of the book is written in the font known as Dutch Black Letter, and it smells like an old church. The cover is brown and bears an elegant gold diamond surrounded by four sword-like symbols that resemble the Fleurdelisé of the Quebec flag.

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Marianopolis College
by Saturn on October 26, 2017
At the Osler Library in McGill, one can find many important books on the history of medicine used and written by influential physicians of the early modern period or earlier. However, knowledge of medicine is not limited to university-trained physicians, it was practiced (and still is) by people of lower social ranks as well. Among the selection of books, there is Aristotle’s Master-Piece which is manual for women on midwifery and sex. Contrary to its title, the book was written by an unknown author under the pseudonym of Aristotle.

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Marianopolis College
by Gnayezux on October 26, 2017
    The book I worked with was called “De La Demonomanie des Sorciers” by Jean Bodin. It was published in 1592. As indicated in the title, it was written in French. This book is medium sized and portable, with its dimensions being roughly 17cm*10cm*4cm. This book weights approximately half a kilo. This book was about witchcraft and demonology. Surprisingly and unexpected, this book has no particular smell that an old book would have. At side of this book, it was coloured with a slightly red dye.

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by Canadians2000 on October 26, 2017
       During the trip to the Osler Library that was on the McGill campus my class and I had the opportunity to work with some old artifacts which happened to be books. The book my group worked with was William Cockburn’s," Sea Diseases: Or A Treatise Of Their Nature, Caufes, And Cure. Also, An Essay On Bleeding In Fevers;". What was great about the book was the fact that the information that was portrayed throughout the pages was about how they discovered diseases that happened while men sailed the seas.

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by sandsieve on October 26, 2017
Aristotle's masterpiece, “a manual of sex and pregnancy, first saw the light of day about 1680” (“exclassic”). It is written by an unknown author who used Aristotle as a pseudonym. The copy of the book (which is 24mo in size) in the Osler Library is the early American reproduction of the 1710 London edition, printed for the Company of Flying Stationers in 1793, New York (Gaba). The book is written in English and the font is small.

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by Halls123456 on October 26, 2017
The rare book presented above is called De la demonomanie des sorciers written by French jurist Jean Bodin. His work was published in the late 14th century, between the years of 1592 and 1593 in French. De la demonomanie des sorciers is generally written in French; however, there is Grecque as well as Latin. It's estimated weight would be roughly 500 grams and dimensions would be 17 centimeters by 11 centimeters, making it a relatively small book.

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by ea1234 on October 26, 2017
    You can find a plethora of rare books on medicine at the Osler library, ranging from Galileo and Aristotle to unknown and bizarre authors. One of those books, is a book written by William Cockburn in 1736, named Sea Diseases. The author was a Scottish physician, that, in his last few years of life, decided to write a book of all of the illnesses and diseases that appear when at sea and their effects.

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Marianopolis College
by Alexa_Da12 on October 26, 2017
    At the Osler Library, you can find a plethora of rare books on medicine. Among the rows of shelves, there are treasures such as the “De humani corporis fabrica libri septem” (1543) by Vesalius (worth 500 000 USD), but there are also hidden gems. One of them is the book “Aristotle’s Master-Pieces or Every Woman’s Book! Displaying all the Secrets of Nature as Exhibited in the Creation of Man”. At first glance, it seems fairly unremarkable; its cover is tattered, its pages are pages stained - it’s clear that the book has been heavily used.

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1 month 1 week ago

Analysis on Early Modern Medical History based on multiple articles and an 18th century book

9 months 7 hours ago

Hi Jonathan,

While not an ethics course, this makes for a fine possibility for collaboration.

You might ask your students to comment on a post from my class and in the comment demonstrate an understanding of a theme you cover in your ethics class.

Each of your students can then apply course content in the form of  a comment associated with the contemporary issue a student in my classs wrote about, and my student can benefit from seeing an ethical angle to their post/issue of which they otherwise might not have been aware. 

Since my stduents are generally tasked with writing about contemporary issues that they believe indicate a part of the world that should be improved/changed, without elaborating their normative ethical positions, your students could be tasked with challenging and/or exposing such implicit positions.

Thanks for getting in touch!

Gabe

1 year 1 month ago

Hello Yisel,

I agree with your point regarding Trump's racist comments towards ethnic groups, especially the Hispanics. I like that you chose to discuss about him because it is the perfect example of modern racism. However, I think you could have deepen your arguments by explaining why he could get away by making racist comments during his presidential candidacy. First of all, Trump evidently has much more privilege than many people. He has a lot of money, he is white and he is a male. Unfortunately, in today's society, that is what defines a privileged person.
However, what makes many fellow americans follow his offensive words?
Mr. Trump is categorized in the Patriarchal World View. He is a wealthy man therefore he has control over his wealth and now he wishes to become President which will (if he wins) give him political power. What defines a man in today’s society are characterics that are in the “Man Box”: Strong, tough, intimidating, respected, wealthy, playboy and many more. Those attributes are what men in our society wish to achieve/possess. If they do not follow the Patriarchal world view, they are humiliated by society with offensive insults that downgrade their masculinity.

Here is an interesting Ted Talks video that I find interesting and I hope you enjoy as well:
https://www.ted.com/talks/tony_porter_a_call_to_men/transcript?language=en

1 year 1 month ago

Hello!
I love your article. I always thought this was an issue that should be addressed and you have done it very well. It is interesting how you told an anecdote about Zoey Roy because it illustrates how people downgrade racist and offensive Halloween costumes. I like how you added your personal thought because I could relate to it. I too did not realize of how offensive the costume was. I also applaud you for integrating course related information into your article.
However, to further your thoughts, I think it would have been efficient to develop your arguments regarding racism. Discussing the controversial word, Privilege, would be appropriate. Why is the costume inappropriate? Because the Native American costume is a method that is used to mock their culture. Those who are disguised as Native Americans would most likely be people who has more privilege than Native Americans because of Intersectionality. Intersectionality is what makes a person less privileged than an other individual. For example, a straight White man is more privileged than a lesbian Latina woman.
Besides that, I truly enjoyed your article :)
Here is a link I find interesting for your article, I hope it is helpful: http://everydayfeminism.com/2013/10/is-your-halloween-costume-racist/

1 year 3 months ago

Hi, 

I'm concerned that October and November will not be a good fit for my students to do work giving feedback to yours, Jean-Michel. However, it may work into our essay writing section. If Eric fits well with your timeline, I will have my students participate in feedback in October/November, if it turns out to be a good fit. I will check back in as the semester unfolds!

 

Gabe

1 year 5 months ago

Hi,

I'm a Humanities teacher (and incidentally, the founder of this site) teaching a critical thinking course this fall and my students could be a good fit for part 2.

They will be first semester, first year CEGEP students at Champlain and it will be likely the first time the majority of these Champlain Saint-Lambert students are studying in English, although they aren't an ESL group, as such.

My students could be asked to participate on step two,  providing feebdack to your class's midterm essays, commenting on any critical thinking strengths or weaknesses they discover, but also engaging with your students content. This will likely get your students excited about the work they are developing, as they will be writing for a guaranteed audience.

I'm not sure step 1 will fit with my class, however, I'm going to introduce you to some experienced teachers at the site whom I think will fit well with your goals soon!

Thanks for posting! Looking forward to collaborating!

 

Gabe

2 years 10 months ago

One page PDF for new teachers and new students. 

Access to Terms and Conditions as a PDF for distribution in class.

(Bilingual on each side)

Documentation for users giving best practices and workflow for assignment distribution and submission. 

Tips and Straegies for students

 

2 years 10 months ago

Upon first discussion with Gina and Susan it is clear that there is a need for better resources for teachers to get used to the site. This should be Norm's focus for the grant.

Reply to: Hello
3 years 1 month ago

Can you test out your ability to edit and change how your posts are visible on this site? 

Click "Edit" on your post.

Then select "private- only visible to group members" from 

Group content visibility

This way, only those students and teachers who are members of your class will see this post.

Some posts may be best shared only within your class, like introductory messages meant for each other. Later posts might be best shared with the whole newsactivist network- like posts that are full of insights that all students around the world can learn from.

Let me know what you think

 

Gabe, Administrator at NewsActivist

3 years 6 months ago

Hi,

When would you like feedback? How long do the classes run?

Are you looking for feedback on the issue itself, or on the students' writing? Both? Either?

 

Thanks!

Gabe

There no collaborative classes

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