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I totally agree with the content of this article. Many different options are offered to players victim of this type of cyber bullying, they can either mute other players or simply unplug their headphones. No one is really forced to hear these haters talk trash and this is why xbox should not worry about the issue.
Your post was very interesting and eye-opening! The use of statistics strengthen your argument and made me realize the gravity of body image problems among women. The fact that three-year-olds are unhappy about their bodies when they should only be focused on developing, learning and growing in a healthy way is shocking.
In order to explain the source of the unhappiness and of the pressures most women feel about their bodies and their weight, the hegemonic model of masculinity within the patriarchal society must be understood. Hegemonic masculinity is the socially constructed model of ideal masculinity that dominates the patriarchal society. According to this model, men have to possess specific characteristics like being strong, stoic, sexually active, powerful, and dominant.
Since this model promotes male dominance, men assume the role of subjects in the patriarchal society. Therefore, women must be objects. They cannot protest against their mistreatment by others and do not have needs of their own. This has very detrimental effects on the treatment of women by men and by the media in our society since as objects, women’s functions are to be acted upon by men and to please men. A woman’s value is measured by her ability to please men, which in turn is accomplished through her physical appearance. However, beauty is narrowly defined by one specific model of an ideal woman that dictates what women should look like in order to please men.
In our patriarchal society, in which men dominate economic, political, social, religious, and familial power, women’s worth is evaluated through their physical appearance by men and other women in all aspects of their lives. They are constantly reminded by their peers, by movies, by advertisements, and from a young age, as you mentioned, by toys like Barbies of the importance of looking like the ideal woman and of how that ideal woman looks. This leads to women placing a tremendous amount of importance on their physical appearance and to severe self-criticism and a negative body image if they are unable to match the ideal woman. Because the ideal model of beauty is of a very small, thin, disproportionate woman that does not reflect the diversity of real women’s body types, it is unrealistic for almost all women to attain it. This explains the widespread unhappiness women feel about their bodies. The pressure of having to match that model in order to consider one’s self worthy of success, love, and happiness is omnipresent, resulting in an inescapable discontent and constant attempt to change one’s appearance.
The #IMNOANGEL campaign is a good step towards loving one’s body. However, I think that in order to eliminate the issue of negative body image and the pressures women face related to their appearance, our society must shift away from women’s roles as objects, which accompany hegemonic masculinity, and consider their physical appearance, no matter the body type, irrelevant to their value as women and as human beings.
If you would like to learn more about hegemonic masculinity, please visit this link:
You have done an excellent job explaining the purpose of Title XI and the repercussions of the Trump administration no longer reinforcing it on colleges. Moreover, you provided a well-described and interesting perspective on the ways in which websites and smartphone applications can now be used in this digital age to counteract the negative effects of this policy change on victims of sexual assault.
In order to strengthen your argument, you could consider how society’s element of “rape culture” is affected by the new administration and the way in which it interacts with the Reach Out: College Edition and Callisto media platforms. Rape culture is the system that normalizes sexual assault in our society and that allows for a minority of men to engage in that behavior through several factors including victim blaming, victimizing the perpetrator, objectifying women, and denying the frequency of rape. The abolition of Title IX is a consequence of rape culture and it further strengthens rape culture. Legally ceasing to help victims of rape and to provide students with an effective program to report sexual abuse denies the gravity of rape as a major issue in society that needs to be addressed and reinforces the belief that rape culture is nonexistent. This, in return, fuels rape culture because it prevents people from acknowledging and actively fighting sexual assault. Therefore, the collective false impression that rape is uncommon is created and rape is normalized since it becomes an unspoken, unresolved, and implicit part of our society. However, the media platforms mentioned in this post can help undermine rape culture since they recognize the frequency of rape by providing statistics and they address it as a social issue by giving victims a voice and universities a way to prevent rape and punish the perpetrators.
If you would like to learn more about rape culture, here is a helpful link on the subject: http://www.wavaw.ca/what-is-rape-culture/
This article is about cyber espionage witch is becoming more and more frequent and serious in the United States. In the article, the author tells us about a particular case involving five Chinese individuals. In their hack of important American corporations, they stole many documents and emails. By doing so they wanted to show some unfair trades the United States had done with China. The authorities were not able to arrest the suspects since China and America do not have an extradition agreement. Their hope is that exposing the issue can help to take more precautions and make the nation more secure from cyber espionage. I think it’s important to be careful online especially because we live in a society in which technology and internet are very important. Also, I think companies and corporations should have their networks checked on a regular basis. It could help prevent security flaws and cyber espionage.
Do you think countries are doing enough to prevent cyber espionage?
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