Worldview of Two Separate Nations: Pakistan/India and Quebec/Canada

by Sarah B. on April 2, 2014 - 10:24pm

As the definition of a nation develops, people with the same history, language, culture and religion, tend to form a nation in the same geographical territory. Like the Muslims in Pakistan and the Hindus in India, the French speakers are installed in Quebec while the English speakers are in the rest of the Canada. However, contrary to the Muslims, the French speakers are still in the same country than the English speakers. To that effect, the Quebecers did not reach the independence like the Muslims did. However, both nations had their own leader to follow. In Quebec, René Lévesque was the first to bring a referendum for the independence of Quebec. In India, Muhammed Ali Jinnah was once called "the best ambassador of Hindu-Muslim unity" but realised that the unity of the two nations was impossible. He then became the founder of Pakistan.  Another similarity between the Muslims and the Quebecers is their minority. Before the Muslim independence and the creation of Pakistan, Muslims were in minority in India. French speakers are also a minority in Canada.  Nevertheless, some laws and agreements have been established to protect the minorities. In Quebec, one of these laws is the "loi 101" for the preservation of the French language. In India, the Lucknow Pact of 1916 established by Jinnah was an agreement between the Indian National Congress (INC) and the Muslim League to give more representation the minority of Muslims. With this pact, the Muslims interests were protected. Without a doubt, there are many differences between India and Canada history but there are also some similarities regarding the minorities of these countries.



Indian TraditionVolume II: Modern India and Pakistan, Ed. William Theodore, Bary, Stephan Hay, Columbia University Press, 1988.

Loi 101 informations: <>


I agree with what you said, and I think you brought some interesting ideas concerning the similarities between Quebec and India. I like the fact that you brought up Bill 101 and compared it to India's Lucknow Pact, as it demonstrates that their is a continuous struggle and determination for the French-Canadian community, present in our society today.

I agree with your article, that quebec and muslims were both minorities in their countries and it lead to a independance goal. You well analyzed the goal of law 101 and the lucknow of 1916, that protect culture of the two nations. You also did when, by presenting rene levesque and his referendum, but don`t forget Jacques Parizeau and the 1995 referendum.

Great comparison between Pakistan, India and Quebec, Canada. You state very interesting points about the minority both societies have experienced. You have good examples, such as the Bill 101 and Lucknow Pact which well demonstrates the preservation of both societies .

About the author