Similar Nationalist Arguments

by alexandrabourcier on April 2, 2014 - 7:28pm

Muslims and Quebecers were both minorities in their country that wanted their own separated territory. Both developed some similar nationalist arguments. The main argument the Muslims were using has been explained by Jinnah in his most famous speech. He was saying that “it is the clearest statement of ‘the two-nation theory’, that Hindus and Muslims were more than two religions; they were two nations” (Bary and Hay 228). This argument is very similar to the one that the inhabitants of Quebec are using. Quebecers have a different language and a different culture than the rest of Canada and that is why they considered themselves as a completely different nation.  For the Quebecers, the “nationalism expressed is no longer based on the identity or the idea of common descent, but on the citizenship of people who share the same history, the same institutions and identifies a common territory”(Richard). A lot of inhabitants think they do not belong to Canada and that they should have their own country. It was the same situations with the Muslims in India. They wanted their own territory were they could be the majority, because in India “the differences between the Hindus and Muslims [were] not of religion in the strict sense of the word but also of law and culture”(Bary and Hay 228). Both Muslims living in India and Quebecers living in Canada represent two distinct civilizations and that was their main nationalist argument. Muslims had to fight to have their arguments and convictions heard for decades before finally taking possession of the territory of Pakistan. Will the province of Quebec be one day able to separate from Canada, just as the Muslims did with India?




Theodore de Bary, William, and Hay, Stephan. Sources of Indian Tradition Volume II: Modern India and Pakistan. Columbia University Press, 1988. Print.


Jones, Richard. Nationalisme Canadien français. The Canadian encyclopedia, July 2nd 2006.


You clearly explain the similarities between the Muslim nation and the Quebecers nation. Your last question really interests me. Since we are comparing one nation that had acquired independence and one that has not it is normal to wonder if one day the Quebec will be an independent country. Although, Quebec is nowadays a multicultural province and the Quebecers' culture is not has important as before. For this reason and many others related to economic and international problems, I don't think that Quebec will ever become independent from Canada.

I agree with you on the fact that Quebecers share some of the Indian Muslims’ characteristics : they both are minorities in a country that favours the majority. However, to answer your last question, I don’t think that nationalism in Quebec is as strong as it was for Muslims in India. Of course, both Muslims and Quebecers have different beliefs and views of life than Indians or the rest of Canadians and they both want to preserve their cultures. However, separating from a country has all kinds of consequences that Quebecers are not necessarily ready to face.

I find that the similarities that you brought up are very good. I also find your last question to be very interesting. I think that it would be possible to have an independent Quebec in the future because of major differences between Quebecers and the rest of Canada's population, language being one of those differences differences. Lets not forget that there have already been two referendums including one that came so close let Quebec be an independent country.

I do agree with some points that you brought up but i think that the main reason why Pakistan decided to fight for its own country was because of their different beliefs. To answer your question I do not think that Quebec will be independent because our generation is willing to fight for change.

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