by Jsquesnel on April 2, 2014 - 9:44pm
There are many comparisons we can make about the issue of minorities and majorities in India and Canada due to their different nations composing the same country.
First of all, there are two nations in India (Muslims and Hindu) just like in Canada, where there are 2 distinct nations: anglophone and francophone. The tension between those two nationalities has been there since a very long time. In the partition of Bengal in 1905, one of the major problems that faced Hindu toward Muslims was their presence in majority in the new province. However, if we look at the percentage of India’s population in 1905, over a population of 54 million in Bengali, Hindu represented 54% of the population while Muslim only 9% (New World Encyclopaedia). Muslims were always in minority and started to be tired to suffer of this tyranny. In Canada, French nation faces also this problem of minority toward the other nation. To be exact, francophones represent 24.1% of the population while anglophones represent 74.5% (Commissariat aux langues officielles). Both of the nations in minority try to find a solution to their situation. Muslims want Pakistan, Quebecers want to be independent. And in both case, it is not everybody that is happy with this solution. For example, Hindu want Muslims to stay, and some Quebecers don’t want the independence of Quebec.
But the issue of nationality has also an impact on how an individual identify himself to his country. For example, some Quebecers don’t identify themselves to be a part of Canada at all because they said they have their unique culture. They would like Quebec to be independent just like Muslims wanted to have Pakistan because they claimed themselves as to be a separate nation. But Ghandi said that Hindu and Muslims were one nation. He said that even if they didn’t have the same religion, they were all following the same path. The tension between Hindu and Muslims was linked to religion and their way of life. But in Canada, the problem is linked to languages, to something that does not involved values, a way of living or a way of thinking. In both countries there are problems between the two nationalities which creates unjustified conflict because differences shouldn’t separate people. People focus too much on differences and not enough on their strength.
Canada. Commissariat aux langues officielles. Archive : le bilinguisme au Canada. Ottawa: Commissariat aux langues officielles, August 17. 2011 . Web. 30 March 2014. <http://www.ocol-clo.gc.ca/html/biling_f.php>
New World Encyclopaedia. “Partition of Bengal.” New World Encyclopaedia. n.d,4 December 2008. Web. 30 March. 2014.
Sources of Indian TraditionVolume II: Modern India and Pakistan, edited by William Theodore de Bary and Stephan Hay, Columbia University Press, 1988.