Minorities/ majorities

by Jsquesnel on April 2, 2014 - 9:44pm

There are many comparisons we can make about the issue of minorities and majorities in India and Canada due to their different nations composing the same country.


First of all, there are two nations in India (Muslims and Hindu) just like in Canada, where there are 2 distinct nations: anglophone and francophone. The tension between those two nationalities has been there since a very long time. In the partition of Bengal in 1905, one of the major problems that faced Hindu toward Muslims was their presence in majority in the new province. However, if we look at the percentage of India’s population in 1905, over a population of 54 million in Bengali, Hindu represented 54% of the population while Muslim only 9% (New World Encyclopaedia). Muslims were always in minority and started to be tired to suffer of this tyranny.  In Canada, French nation faces also this problem of minority toward the other nation. To be exact, francophones represent 24.1% of the population while anglophones represent 74.5% (Commissariat aux langues officielles). Both of the nations in minority try to find a solution to their situation. Muslims want Pakistan, Quebecers want to be independent. And in both case, it is not everybody that is happy with this solution. For example, Hindu want Muslims to stay, and some Quebecers don’t want the independence of Quebec.



But the issue of nationality has also an impact on how an individual identify himself to his country. For example, some Quebecers don’t identify themselves to be a part of Canada at all because they said they have their unique culture. They would like Quebec to be independent just like Muslims wanted to have Pakistan because they claimed themselves as to be a separate nation. But Ghandi said that Hindu and Muslims were one nation. He said that even if they didn’t have the same religion, they were all following the same path. The tension between Hindu and Muslims was linked to religion and their way of life. But in Canada, the problem is linked to languages, to something that does not involved values, a way of living or a way of thinking. In both countries there are problems between the two nationalities which creates unjustified conflict because differences shouldn’t separate people. People focus too much on differences and not enough on their strength.


Canada. Commissariat aux langues officielles. Archive : le bilinguisme au Canada. Ottawa: Commissariat aux langues officielles, August 17. 2011 . Web. 30 March 2014. <http://www.ocol-clo.gc.ca/html/biling_f.php>


New World Encyclopaedia. “Partition of Bengal.” New World Encyclopaedia. n.d,4 December 2008. Web. 30 March. 2014.


Sources of Indian TraditionVolume II: Modern India and Pakistan, edited by William Theodore de Bary and Stephan Hay, Columbia University Press, 1988.



Hi Jeanne,

I totally agree with your point of view, communities focus way to much on their difference than their strength that could help them to join. They surely should make it work and form a nation as Gandhi says. Those in majority should obviously help those in minority in order to protect their country and grow up and form one tight group.

I really like how you did some research about this and brought up some actual numbers! it really gives us a good idea of how both are similar but very different at the same time. I completely agree with the fact that people focus too much on their differences. Even in Quebec today, some people think that language is something that we should be focusing on, when this really is not a major issue, especially not one that is worth separating a country for.

I think that you are wrong when you say that people should concentrate less on the differences between both nations and and focus more on their strengths. In my opinion, it is important for people to keep looking at these differences because it is important for their own culture. For example, one of the reasons French Canadians give for the independence of Quebec is that they speak French were as the other provinces mostly have English speaking individuals. If French Canadian were to focus less on this difference, part of their culture will be lost because of the English majority present in Canada.

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