Comparison between Quebec and India
by raphaelledion on April 2, 2014 - 7:26pm
Even though Canada and India don’t seem similar at first sight, their populations have some points in common. Through the history of India, Hindus and Muslims had to live under the same government. However, these two ethnic groups didn’t get along well mostly because of their different cultures and beliefs, which were influenced by their views of history. Like Jinnah said, “very often the hero of one is the foe of the other” (Theodore de Bary 230). In Canada, Quebecers can relate to Muslims in India. In Canadian history, the French and English were always opposed to one another. Over the course of history, Muslims and Hindus have often fought against one another to defend what each thought was right. So did the French and English in Canada, for example during the Battle of the Plains of Abraham (“Constitutional History”). These conflicts obviously led to a feeling of distrust and even hatred between Muslims and Hindus and French and English Canadians. Given that each ethnic group’s view of life is different, it’s impossible to form a government that would suit both of them.
Furthermore, since the Muslims no longer had much power after the British eliminated the Mughal Empire in 1858, it was natural for the authorities to favor the Hindus’ interests because they represented the majority of the population (Cohen 16). To get some power back, Muslims fought to get their own province, which led to the Partition of Bengal in 1905. Similarly, after the Conquest of New France by the British, French Canadians became a minority under the English. In 1791, Canada was divided into Upper Canada, where English speakers resided, and Lower Canada, where French speakers lived (“Constitutional History”). In both cases, the creation of a territory for the minority was an attempt to ease the tensions between the Muslims and Hindus and the English and French.
However, Muslim Indians still wanted to create their own country because they didn’t trust Hindus to defend their interests. The same situation applies to the nationalist French Canadians, who still want to form their own country so they won’t have to live under a constitution with an English mentality. Just like Muslims in India, French Canadians always had different beliefs and views of life that are not always compatible with the majority.
Cohen, Stephen P. Idea of Pakistan. Washington: Brookings Institution Press, 2004. Web. 29 March 2014.
“Constitutional History.” Canadiana. n.p. n.d. Web. 29 March 2014.
Theodore de Bary, William, and Stephen Hay. Sources of Indian Tradition Volume II : Modern India and Pakistan. Columbia University Press, 1988. Print.