Peer Alcohol Consumption Related to Perceived Norms
by Acola2 on November 4, 2013 - 11:47pm
The basis of this study was to look at adolescent perception of peer, parent and community alcohol norms and relate them back to alcohol consumption and related consequences. Norms can be defined as widely understood beliefs that are perceived as factors that cause specific behaviors. In 2004, 66,958 adolescents ages 14-20 years old, from five states (New York, California, Florida, Missouri, and Connecticut), participated in a study that looked at five categories broken up into smaller areas of study to see just exactly how the perception of peers, parents and their community related to alcohol consumption and its consequences. The main characteristics were peer influence, parental influence, community influence, drinking behaviors and alcohol related consequences and individual characteristics. Peer influence contained perceived same age drinking, friend’s drinking, friend’s drunkenness and drinking with friends. Parental influence contained perceived parental sanctions for drinking, drinking with parents, parents providing alcohol at parties, and friend’s parents providing alcohol at a party. Community influences included perceived community care, school sanctions for drinking, law enforcement sanctions, community youth drinking rate, successful purchase of alcohol and commercial source of alcohol. The individual characteristics that were looked at age, gender, race, living two parents, parental college education, religious service attendance, hours watching television, and age of first drink without permission. All of these four groups, can relate to the main group which was the basis of the study which was drinking behaviors and alcohol related consequences, the five parts of this group were current drinking, heavy episodic drinking, last 30 day drunkenness, DUI or riding with a drinking driver, and alcohol related nonviolent consequences. Of the adolescences that participated in the study, males that were predominantly white, older, less likely to live with both parents and less religious, indicated that they had the highest levels of drinking. Yet, youth that attended church regularly, were likely to be talked to or yelled at by their parents, and had a large community involvement in decreasing teen drinking, were less likely to drink or be involved in a drinking and driving incident. Also, in summary, adolescences that were around friends that drank and drank regularly were more likely to drink also. Interestingly, each year your age increases, there is a 14% increase in the likeliness of an adolescent drinking.
The key question the author is looking at through this study is to see if adolescents’ perception of peer, parent and community alcohol norms, really does relate to alcohol consumption and alcohol related consequences, which is shown through the five groups. In summary, the perception of peers, parents, and community’s alcohol norms does relate to alcohol consumption and alcohol related consequences. This can be proven by the fact that teens that were around friends that drank, were more likely to drink and that if the community had an active involvement in preventing teens from drinking they were less likely too. Also, if a adolescents parent were likely to yell or talk to them about their drinking, the chances of them drinking were lower.
Song, E., Smiler, A. P., Wagoner, K. G., & Wolfson, M. (2012). Everyone Says It's OK: Adolescents' Perceptions of Peer, Parent, and Community Alcohol Norms, Alcohol Consumption, and Alcohol-Related Consequences. Substance Use & Misuse, 47(1), 86-98.